Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term “Kashmir” denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range.
The Kashmir region is predominantly mountainous, with deep, narrow valleys and high, barren plateaus. The relatively low-lying Jammu and Punch (Poonch) plains in the southwest are separated by the thickly forested Himalayan foothills and the Pir Panjal Range of the Lesser Himalayas from the larger, more fertile, and more heavily populated Vale of Kashmir to the north.
What kind of people live in Kashmir Valley?
The Valley has a Muslim majority population and Islam is practiced by 97.16% of the population with the remaining being Hindus (1.84%), Sikhs (0.88%), Buddhists (0.11%), and others. The spoken languages in the valley are Kashmiri and Urdu, with Urdu being the official language.
Four seasons of Kashmir, Known for its stunning climate in throughout the year. Features a typical European climate which can widely be categorized into four seasons as SPRING,SUMMER,AUTUM and WINTER
SPRING – March to ending April – (15-18 Celsius during Day) to (0 to 5 degrees Celsius at night)
The whole valley comes alive in this time with velvety green grasses, a mustard field in full bloom, and blossoms after the blossoming of almond, cherry, apple, peach, pears, pansies, narcissi, daises, and a million grass flowers carpet the ground. The Climate of Jammu and Kashmir at this time of the year is ideally suited to thoroughly enjoy the beauty of the place.
The most interesting event in this season is the Tulip Garden blossom – which starts around mid-march and ends by the 1st or 2nd week in April, depending on the heat intensity.
SUMMER – May to August – (20-30 Celsius during Day) to (15 – 20 degrees Celsius at night)
Temperatures rise slightly and the Climate of the Kashmir valley is unbelievably lovely at this time of the year. The gushing streams, majestic lakes, the maple Tree groves (locally known as Chinar), the forests all appear very enticing in the summers. Fruits are ripe and in plenty. Tourists can also visit the Orchards and assist the villagers in Apple and other fruit pickings. In and Around Srinagar you may be required to wear light woolens or heavy cotton clothing.
AUTUMN – September to November – (18-25 Celsius during Day) to (10-15 degrees Celsius at the night)
The most awaited season in Jammu and Kashmir sets in September. It is autumn, the season of mists and mellow fruitfulness. Everything turns to gold. Temperatures rise to a maximum of 23 degrees in the morning but the nights are relatively colder. The highest day temperatures in September are around 23oC and night temperatures dip to 10oC by October and further drop by November when heavy woolens are essential.
WINTER – December to February – (5 to 10 Celsius during Day) to (-4 to 2 degrees Celsius at nights) Winter starts in the month of December and it is extremely cold then. Even though the trees have a bare look and the beauty of the hued gardens no longer catches the eye, there is an altogether different charm in the surroundings. The upper reaches are snow-covered and become a visual treat to the eyes, the city of Srinagar also receives snow towards the mid of January – February, and overall the whole landscape is transformed. This is the best time for Skiing enthusiasts to enjoy the beautiful slopes of Gulmarg and other places around Srinagar.
Famous Places to visit in Kashmir:
- Srinagar :
Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir is located in the heart of the Kashmir valley at an altitude of 1,730 m above sea level.Spread on both sides of the river Jhelum the city is famous for its natural beauty, gardens, waterfronts and houseboats.
Srinagar in Jammu & Kashmir state of India is a destination for those looking to enjoy the pristine natural beauty. The home of the famous Dal Lake, Srinagar offers bountiful of places to visit. Srinagar is the base location to explore the higher regions of the Himalayas such as the Leh, Ladakh, Kargil, Dras, Dachigam National Park, and Baramulla.
Places to visit:
- Dal Lake
- Tulip Garden
- Shalimar Garden
- Chashma Shahi
- Nishant Garden
- Hazaratbal Shrine
- Shankaracharya Temple
- Floating Vegetable
Pahalgam is famous for its scenic beauty and is the jewel of the picturesque Liddar valley located in the high Himalayas. It provides an ideal setting for activities like hiking, trekking, and fishing. It is also the starting point of the annual pilgrimage to the holy cave of Amarnath.
March to June: While March is still cool, April onwards marks the onset of summer season in Pahalgam. During this season, the weather is pleasant and favourable for day sightseeing. Temperature generally ranges between 25 degree Celsius and 11 degrees.
Two to three days will be sufficient and satisfying to sight around the beauty of pahalgam .
Places to visit:
Famed as the highest 18 hole golf course in the world, the Gulmarg Golf Course is also the longest in India. Situated at an altitude of 8700 feet above sea level, this place was used to play golf by Britishers since 1911 and the golf course was inaugurated formally in 2011.
The beautiful meadows of Gulmarg, usually lush green during April and early May are enveloped in a sheet of white snow during the snowfall in Kashmir. The best time to visit Gulmarg for Snowfall is just after peak winter – January and February.
Main Attraction: Gondola Ride
Asia’s largest and highest and world’s second-largest and second-highest cable car project, Gulmarg Gondola is the top attraction in Gulmarg. In fact, a Gulmarg tour without a ride on the popular cable car is considered incomplete. Adventurers seeking to get to the top of the mountain for the best skiing experience (in winter). The scenic views of mountains and valleys during the cable car ride are also unforgettable and unmatched. The gondola can ferry 6 people at a time and 600 people per hour.
Gondola Cable Car Riding Levels
The cable car ride takes place in two levels/stages.
Phase I: from the Gulmarg resort to Kongdori Station (2600 m) in the bowl-shaped Kongdori valley which takes 9 minutes to reach.
Phase II: from Kongdori Station to Kongdori Mountain (3747 m), the shoulder of Apharwat Peak which takes 12 minutes
- Best Season Gulmarg Gondola: The winter season is the best time to enjoy the ride on Gulmarg Gondola due to the most amazing skiing opportunity. However, the cable car ride is available all through the year.
- Time Required: The Gulmarg Gondola ride can take up to 1-2 hours depending on the rush and the season.
The valleys of Kashmir are untamed and unspoiled. Surrounded by the sublime mountains, these valleys echo nature, beauty and a certain level of mysticism.
This is what Emperor Jehangir is reported to have said soulfully about Kashmir -” If there is paradise on Earth, it is here, it is here, it is here.” So enamored was the mighty Mughal with Kashmir that he is said to have visited it eight times during his reign.